Academic Category

Original academic research or extensive review of research


Papers must be written in either English or Chinese language.


Word count of each full paper must fall between 5000 - 10000.


The paper must include an abstract of between 300 to 500 and 3 - 5 keywords.


All submissions must be sent via email to by 3 June 2016.


The organisers will notify all participants of the outcome after evaluation by a selection panel. Participants who are selected as paper presenters will be notified by mid-July.




All submissions must be made as a Microsoft Word document. All documents must be in A4 Size, with justified alignment, font size 12, “Xi Ming” font (細明體) for Chinese and Arial for English, double line spacing, and page margin of 2.5 cm.


All participants are strongly advised to strictly adhere to all document formatting guidelines.




  1. Do not submit multiple entries of the same paper. If identified, the participant will be disqualified immediately.

  2. Do not submit plagiarized works, previously presented works (including translations from other languages) or ghost-written works. If identified, the awards will be revoked immediately.

  3. If the paper is condensed from, or a portion of the participant’s academic thesis, it must be amended to a considerable degree, otherwise it shall not be accepted.

  4. When selected paper requires extensive revision prior to publication, the participant is obliged to do the revisions personally.

  5. Should the selected papers be included in the Proceedings of Fo Guang Shan Institute of Humanistic Buddhism and the copyright will be owned by Fo Guang Shan Institute of Humanistic Buddhism.



Academic papers’ requirements:

1. Title of Paper

The title should be concise, clear and accurate.

2. Author’s Summary

This includes the author’s highest qualifications, occupation, affiliations, research interests and areas.

3. Abstract

The abstract should summarise the main ideas or research findings of the paper in an objective manner, together with their significance, implications and a conclusion.

4. Introduction

The introduction should include comprehensive background knowledge of the topic, results from previous studies and research gaps. It should also address the research background, motivation and origin of the research. Besides, the introduction may indicate expected results, as well as the significance of the research topic in related fields.

5. Research Objectives

6. Research Methods

This section should clearly describe, explain and justify the materials and methods used in collecting and analysing data. The methodologies behind the original research findings must be accounted for.

7. Results

This section should report key findings and how they are interpreted to derive conclusions made in the paper. All reported findings or points of review in the paper must be original, concrete and precise.

8. Discussion

This section should include the significance, implications and limitations of the reported research findings or review points. The author should also discuss how the research findings have addressed the research question and objectives, bridged research gaps, or supported or contradicted previous studies. Areas for improvement and suggestions for future research direction or prospects should also be elaborated in this section.

9. Conclusion

The concluding section should accurately and succinctly summarise the key research findings or key points reported or discussed in the paper.

10. References

11. Acknowledgements